The Bandwidth Messaging API is used to send SMS and MMS messages over HTTP protocol.
The messaging API works off of an internal queuing system. As such, when you
/messages to create a new message, Bandwidth will reply with an
HTTP 202 - Accepted. This indicates that the message has been placed in the queue.
As the message progresses through the internal system you will receive a Message Delivered webhook when the message has been handed off to the downstream carrier.
If at any-point through the process the message fails, you will receive a detailed
message-failed webhook with an error code describing the reason for failure.
Bandwidth will attempt to deliver every webhook until your server replies with a
HTTP 2xx status code. If the webhook request times out, or your server returns a code less than
HTTP 2xx or greater than
HTTP 3xx Bandwidth will try to deliver the webhook multiple times over the next 24 hours.
After 24 hours, if your server has not returned a
HTTP 2xx code, Bandwidth will no longer try to deliver the webhook.
MMS and Group messages delivery receipts are currently in beta and you will need to enable them to receive them.
This indicates the number of segments the original message from the user is broken into before sending over to carrier networks. Segmentation of messages depends on the size and encoding. Bandwidth will segment the message if the character count is over the below limits:
- 160 for GSM-7
- 70 for UCS-2
- For MMS messages the segment count will always be set to 1.
segmentCount is returned in the webhook events and the response when creating the message.
For mored detailed information on segment counts, please see our character limits and concatenation practices.
Bandwidth's Messaging API supplies a GET method to allow you to query historical data regarding messages.
Once we have successfully delivered the webhook event and receive an
HTTP 2xx response, Bandwidth allows you to query details about those messages. However, Bandwidth does not store any text message content for privacy reasons - only metadata.
You can upload files up to
3.75MB and file storage is free for an unlimited number of files. Files are stored for up to 48 hours. Files you upload can only be accessed by you when you supply your API user's username and password. They are not available to anonymous users. Bandwidth API supports the Cache-Control header when you upload files.